An Investigation on Effects of In-Leaf and Out-of-Leaf Conditions on Propagated Radio Broadcast FM Signal


  • Aderemi Temitayo Adesanya Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Federal University of Technology Akure (FUTA), Ondo State, Nigeria
  • J J Popoola Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Federal University of Technology Akure (FUTA), Ondo State, Nigeria



Propagation Model, Path Loss, Root Mean Square Error, FM, Coverage Areas


The daily increasing desire for the right information at any place, anytime, and anywhere by people has made broadcast media indispensable media for disseminating information to the public. Propagation models are deployed in planning and designing wireless communication systems. Different environments do require a unique propagation model. In this paper, least squares regression analysis was utilized to create the path loss models for the in-leaf and out-of-leaf conditions of a teak (Tectona grandis) plantation. The developed model was found to be more suitable compared to the existing Weissberger’s and COST235 models because it gives the least difference in root mean square error of 3.9 dB in the two scenarios compared to COST 234 and Weissberger, which stand at 11.2 dB and 10.8 dB, respectively, and the developed model was closer to the assessed path loss obtained from the measurement carried out. The results of the study establish a standard model that can be deployed in the effective planning and design of wireless communication links for very high bands within the radial distance in the tropical rain forest of 30m to 45m foliage depth. This study confirms the need for distinctive models for radio signals at different locations under different conditions.


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How to Cite

Adesanya, A. T., & Popoola, J. J. (2023). An Investigation on Effects of In-Leaf and Out-of-Leaf Conditions on Propagated Radio Broadcast FM Signal. Journal of Engineering Advancements, 4(03), 57–63.
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