Temperature Effects on Optimal Performance of PV Module

Authors

  • Thomas Olabode Ale Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Ondo State, Nigeria
  • Kayode Joel Rotipin Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
  • Tolulope David Makanju Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Ondo State, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.38032/jea.2022.04.004

Keywords:

Temperature, Photovoltaic, Correlation, Efficiency

Abstract

The commonly used renewable energy source (RES) is solar energy. However, the production of this energy from PV modules has a lot of challenges and still needs technological improvement. This research investigates the effects of temperature on Photovoltaic (PV) module optimal performance. An experimental setup of a Monocrystalline (MC) module was used and data on the temperature and other parameters were measured using appropriate measuring tools. The relationship between module temperature and other parameters was evaluated using Pearson product correlation. The findings of this study showed that the temperature is significant for the Monocrystalline PV module to operate at its optimal. Also, the finding revealed that there is a weak correlation between the open circuit voltage (OCV) of the panel and the temperature, however, the PV module temperature has a strong and positive correlation with other parameters namely; solar irradiance, short circuit current (SCC), output power and conversion efficiency (CE) with a correlation coefficient (CC) of 0.94, 0.93, 0.92 and 0.93 respectively. The conversion efficiency of the PV module increases when its temperature is within the maximum operating temperature and tends to decrease when the temperature is beyond the design operating temperature of the module. This implies that temperature is also a key parameter to consider when designing a PV module system for optimal performance. This research recommends that temperature should be considered in the design of PV modules to power any equipment or machines for better performance.

References

Ale, T.O. and Rotipin, K.J., 2019. Cooling effects on photovoltaic module performance in the tropical region. Nigerian Journal of Technology, 38(3), pp.702-706. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/njt.v38i3.23

Makanju T. D. and Oluwalana O. J., 2020. A Novel Methodology For Modelling PV Module Based On Monitored Data. Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science Studies, 6(3), pp. 3072-3076.

Nnadi, D. B. N., 2012. Environmental/climatic effect on stand-alone solar energy supply performance for sustainable energy. Nigerian Journal of Technology, 31(1), pp.79-88.

Tamunobereton-Ari, I., 2013. Influence of meteorological parameters on the efficiency of photovoltaic module in some cities in the Niger delta of Nigeria. Journal of Asian Scientific Research, 3(1), pp. 107-113.

Nobre, A., Montenegro, A., Zhen, Y., Reindl, T. and Ruther, R., 2012. On PV Module Temperature in Tropical Region-a Comparison between System Locations in Singapore and Brazil. In IV Congresso Brasiliero de Energia Solar eV Conferencia Latino-Americana de ISES (pp. 1-8).

Samadhiya, A. and Pandey, R., 2016. Analysis of PV panels under various weather conditions. International Journal of Emerging Research in Management & Technology, 5(2), pp. 53-61.

Bioudun, A.D. and ADELEKE David Kehinde, O.T.A., 2017. Experimental evaluation of the effect of temperature on polycrystalline and monocrystalline photovoltaic modules. IOSR Journal of Applied Physics, 9(2), pp.5-10.

Setiawan, E.A., 2017. Analysis on solar panel performance and PV-inverter configuration for tropical region. Journal of Thermal Engineering, 3(3), pp. 1259-1270. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18186/journal-of-thermal-engineering.323392

Amelia, A.R., Irwan, Y.M., Leow, W.Z., Irwanto, M., Safwati, I. and Zhafarina, M., 2016. Investigation of the effect temperature on photovoltaic (PV) panel output performance. Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol, 6(5), pp. 682-688. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.6.5.938

Musthafa, M.M., 2015. Enhancing photoelectric conversion efficiency of solar panel by water cooling. Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications, 5(4), pp. 1-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4172/2090-4541.1000166

Adeeb, J., Farhan, A. and Al-Salaymeh, A., 2019. Temperature effect on performance of different solar cell technologies. Journal of Ecological Engineering, 20(5), pp. 249-254. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12911/22998993/105543

Downloads

Published

31-12-2022
  • Abstract view90

How to Cite

Ale, T. O., Rotipin, K. J., & Makanju, T. D. (2022). Temperature Effects on Optimal Performance of PV Module. Journal of Engineering Advancements, 3(04), 162–165. https://doi.org/10.38032/jea.2022.04.004

Issue

Section

Research Articles