Computer Vision Based Industrial Robotic Arm for Sorting Objects by Color and Height
Keywords:Color and Height Detection, Sorting, Computer Vision, Degree of Freedom, Robotic Arm, Efficiency
In industrial production systems, manufacturers often face difficulties in sorting different types of objects. Color and height-based sorting which is done manually by human is quite a tedious task and its needs countless time as well. For manual sorting, many workers are required, which can be quite expensive. Moreover, robots that can sort only color or height can’t be effective when there is a need of products with same color with different heights and vice versa. In this paper, a computer vision based robotic sorter is proposed, which is capable of detecting and sorting objects by their colors and heights at the same time. This work isn’t done before as height sorting of same shapes is a new technique, which is done with color sorting techniques by computer vision. It is equipped with a robotic arm having 6 degree of freedom (DOF), by which it picks up and then place objects according to its color and height, to a predetermined place as per the production system requirement. A camera with the computer vision software detects various colors and heights. Haar Cascade algorithm has been used to sort the products. This multi-DOF robotic sorter can be a remarkably useful tool for automating the production process completely, where multiple conveyor belts are used, which can reduce time complexity as well. In the proposed system, the efficiency of color and height sorting is around 99%, which proves the efficiency of our system. The overall improvement in the efficiency of the production process can be significantly enhanced by using this system.
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